Landscapes, Classical To Modern Curriculum (Education At The Getty)
There are two main meanings for the word landscape: it can refer to the visible features of an area of land , or to an example of the genre of painting that depicts such an area of land. Many of these factors are strongly mediated by climate Geologic processes include the uplift of mountain ranges , the growth of volcanoes , isostatic changes in land surface elevation (sometimes in response to surface processes), and the formation of deep sedimentary basins where the surface of Earth drops and is filled with material eroded from other parts of the landscape.The appreciation of nature for its own sake, and its choice as a specific subject for art, is a relatively recent phenomenon. However, in the West, history painting came to require an extensive landscape background where appropriate, so the theory did not entirely work against the development of landscape painting - for several centuries landscapes were regularly promoted to the status of history painting by the addition of small figures to make a narrative scene, typically religious or mythological.Landscape scientists have specialist skills such as soil science , hydrology , geomorphology or botany that they relate to the practical problems of landscape work. The popularity of landscapes in the Netherlands was in part a reflection of the virtual disappearance of religious painting in a Calvinist society, and the decline of religious painting in the 18th and 19th centuries all over Europe combined with Romanticism to give landscapes a much greater and more prestigious place in 19th-century art than they had assumed before.My interest in landscape architecture first emerged through study of art history and was later transformed through study of design. French painters were slower to develop landscape painting, but from about the 1830s Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot and other painters in the Barbizon School established a French landscape tradition that would become the most influential in Europe for a century, with the Impressionists and Post-Impressionists for the first time making landscape painting the main source of general stylistic innovation across all types of painting.Landscape paintings can provide you with a spectacular view of nature in any room. Landscape architects are employed in design of: green infrastructure, public realm, institutional/medical/industrial campuses and settings, parks, play facilities, transport (road/rail/cycle/port) corridors, retail complexes, residential estates (including plans for remediation of now-abandoned housing `ghost` estates), village improvements, accessibility audits, graveyard restoration schemes, wind farms, wetland drainage systems and coastal zones.
Students are eligible to apply for an annual travel fellowship, the Howland Traveling Fellowship, which provides up to $10,000 to support an independent project in documentation of a landscape that has cultural and/or ecological significance.. In 2009, the winner went to Africa to study cultural adaptations in a dynamic floodplain landscape in Zambia.Candidates who are interested in taking the exam usually need a degree from an accredited school and several years of work experience under the supervision of a licensed landscape architect, although standards vary by state For those without an accredited landscape architecture degree, many states provide alternative paths to qualify to take the LARE, which usually require more work experience.In Interview, Kurt Fristrup, a senior scientist for the National Park Service`s Natural Sounds and Night Skies Division, discusses newly released sound maps” of the United States; what virtual reality could mean for landscape architecture in Tech; and in Ecology, Norman DeFraeye, the supervisor for Toronto`s ravine and natural feature protection, walks a tough line for nature restoration in the middle of an urban center.The members of this board are appointed by: the Governor of NC, the President Pro Tempore of the NC Senate, the Speaker of the NC House of Representatives, the Commissioner of Agriculture, the President of the University of North Carolina, the NC Nurserymen`s Association, the NC Landscape Contractors` Association, and the NC Chapter of the American Society of Landscape Architects.The conference is addressed to scientists and landscape specialists interested in general, wide landscape studies and in particular to: archaeologists, geographers, landscape architects, conservators, anthropo-geographers, historians, cultural anthropologists, theorists of culture, ethnologists, natural philosophers, environmentalists as well as other professionals who are dealing in their work with study or transformation of the landscape.